Ultimate Practical Tax Lawyer Secrets to Tax Audit Survival

CRA Income Tax Audit – Toronto Tax Lawyer Introduction

As Toronto tax lawyers we deal with CRA audits and auditors on a daily basis. So what is a tax audit? This article will explain what you can expect to happen if you are audited for taxes.

The Canadian income tax system is based on self assessment. In other words it is up to every Canadian taxpayer to fully and properly report their total income from all sources on their annual T1 or T2 income tax return. The Canada Revenue Agency performs tax audits and issues income tax assessments to ensure that the self-assessment income tax system continues to work properly. While most Canadians are truthful on their tax returns, there are some who are not. CRA is looking for errors or disputable positions or deliberate misstatements on tax returns that have been filed.

What is a Tax Audit?

An income tax audit is an examination of a taxpayer’s returns and supporting records to make sure that income and expenses have been properly reported and are supported by accounting records and receipts. The CRA tax auditor will ask to see the individual or corporate books and records and bank account and receipts for expenses. A corporation will normally have to provide its minute book to support any dividends or bonuses. There may be questionnaires to be filled out. Any information that is wrong, even if due to an error, will be used against the taxpayer.

Most audits are done to ensure compliance with the Income Tax Act for income or payroll deductions or under the Excise Tax Act for GST/HST.

Canadian Tax Audit Procedures

CRA auditors will often search for relevant information on the Internet, and a taxpayer’s web site or other sources located on Google might contradict information the taxpayer provides to the auditor. This information will then be used for further enquiries possibly including 3rd party requests for information. Furthermore open social media accounts are publicly accessible, and CRA auditors will gather this data from taxpayer social media accounts to build a case against a taxpayer. CRA officials have publicly discussed using taxpayer’s social media accounts in this way. If taxpayer lifestyle and reported income don’t match up the CRA tax auditor may decide to look into the taxpayer’s situation to see what’s actually going on.

CRA’s practice on income tax audits is to do a GST (and HST) compliance review; if problems are found, the matter is normally forwarded to a GST/HST auditor for a full GST/HST audit. Similarly, an income tax compliance review is often done during GST/HST audits. Combined income tax and GST/HST audits were discontinued in July 2010. These compliance reviews are not always carried out and sometimes income tax audits may miss large GST/HST problems and vice versa.

CRA Audit Statistics

CRA issues an annual report to Parliament. The latest one was released in January 2016. The audit statistics from CRA Annual Report 2014-2015 provide less detailed information than for the previous year.

For small & medium enterprises no statistics were given. CRA reports that they reviewed 12,981 international and large business files and 9,440 aggressive tax planning files that resulted in identifying $1.4 billion in fiscal impact. For international and large business files CRA audited 6,540 income tax and GST/HST underground economy files and identified over $448 million in fiscal impact. In all cases there were fewer audits in 2014/15 that the previous year. Presumably this reflects the results of budget changes.

Reasons for Tax Audit

CRA may choose to audit a taxpayer for several reasons. Amongst them are:

Industry audit projects
Random selection
Third party tips
Past history of non-compliance
Comparison of information on returns to information received from third-party sources – in other words are all T-slips reported

Since 2011 CRA has been auditing high net worth individuals and families, sending questionnaires asking for information about all companies, trusts, etc. that they control.

CRA has also been concentrating additional audit resources on the underground economy in an attempt to deter unreported cash sales.

What is the Tax Auditor Looking For?

The focus of the tax audit is to find errors in tax returns. Here are some examples of typical issues that may arise in a tax audit that would cause a taxpayer to receive a tax assessment at the end of the tax audit and that could result in penalties or a referral for a tax evasion investigation:

Overstated Expenses
Overstated Deductions
Over claimed Income Tax Credits
Under reported or unreported Earnings
Unreported cash sales
Unreported internet income
Unreported offshore income
Unreported offshore assets
Credits, such as for charitable donations, that are not supported by receipts
Personal expenses deducted for business
Shareholder loans not repaid within 2 corporate year ends

Right of CRA to Audit and CRA Audit Policies

Section 231.1 of the Income Tax Act gives CRA the statutory ability to carry out audits. In particular it entitles auditors to request and examine documents including computer records. Section 231.2 is a more formal provision whereby a “demand” or “requirement” is issued, but it need not be used by a tax auditor in the normal course where s.231.1 suffices.

The CRA can choose to audit anyone, but case law has held that such discretion does not permit a vexatious audit made for capricious reasons.

The Canada Revenue Agency has an internal policy in CRA Audit Manual §9.12.3 that audits should normally be limited to “one plus one” years that is to say the most recent year for which a return has been filed and assessed, plus one year back, with limited exceptions. This policy can be pointed out to a tax auditor to try to limit the scope of audit requests, but it has no legal effect and cannot be used in court to challenge a tax assessment that has been issued. Of course this rule of one plus one years does not apply in the case where CRA suspects unreported income. They will typically look at three years, and in some cases even more than 3 years.

In theory, the CRA has no discretion in applying the Act and must “follow it absolutely” by issuing a tax assessment for all otaxes wing. The reality is that in practice tax auditors have wide discretion not to assess an amount, however once it is correctly assessed; a Tax Appeals Officer or Tax Court judge will have no power to cancel it on grounds of equity, fairness or compassion.

Tax Audit Assistance from Toronto Tax Lawyer

Our top Toronto tax lawyers fight CRA tax auditors every day. A taxpayer has the right to professional representation at all times. This is specifically provided for in right 15 of the Taxpayer Bill of Rights which says “You can choose a person to represent you and to get advice about your tax and benefit affairs. Once you authorize us to deal with this person, we can discuss your situation with your representative.” A taxpayer should never meet with a CRA auditor without a professional Canadian tax lawyer present. Any information that is wrong, even if due to an error, will be used against the taxpayer. The auditor will also take notes and may misunderstand what the taxpayer has said or may wrongly record responses. An Ontario tax lawyer will have his or her own notes to contradict any auditor errors. Contact our Toronto tax law firm for tax help as soon as a CRA tax auditor contacts you.

Founding lawyer, David Rotfleisch is an expert in the realm of income tax law.You might say that income tax is David’s passion for David is not only a lawyer, he is a chartered professional accountant. He has helped start-up businesses, resident and non-resident business owners and corporations with their tax affairs, and over the years, he has assisted numerous corporations and individuals with simple and complex tax and estate planning matters as well as tax amnesty and tax litigation issues.

We are Toronto based tax lawyers with more than 25 years of experience. We deal with all tax problems of the Canadian citizens and find out the perfect solution for them in a quick,responsive and efficient way. We fight CRA daily. Share your income tax problems with us and sleep at night.

Tax Concepts and Considerations of Municipal Bonds

Bonds are available in both taxable and tax-exempt formats and there are tax concepts to consider when a person is investing in bonds. Each type of bond, whether tax-exempt or not, has different tax aspects. Tax-exempt municipal bonds and taxable bonds are discussed, explaining how some of the tax rules work for these investments and their investment yields.

Acquisition of Bonds

When purchasing tax-exempt municipal bonds at face value or par, there are no instant tax consequences. When the bond is acquired between interest payment dates, the buyer pays the seller interest that has accrued since the last payment date. The interest paid in advance to the seller is treated as the cost of the investment and is treated basically as a return of some the initial investment when the interest is paid.

Bond Premium Amortization

When tax-exempt municipal bonds are purchased at a premium, the premium is amortized for the duration of the bond term. The effect of this is to decrease the cost of the investment in the bond on a pro rata basis. Thus, holding the bond to maturity means no loss recognized when the bond is paid off.

Interest Excluded From Taxable Income

Normally, tax-exempt municipal bond interest is not added to income for tax purposes (although, the interest may be taxable under alternative minimum tax rules). Also note, municipal bonds usually pay lower interest rates as compared to similar bonds that are taxable.

When comparing taxable investments to tax-free investments, the amount of interest included in income is not the most important issue. What is important is the after-tax yield. For tax-exempt municipal bonds, the after-tax yield is usually equivalent to the pre-tax yield. On the other hand, a taxable bond’s after-tax yield will be based on the amount of interest remaining after deducting the corresponding amount of income tax expense associated with the interest earned on a taxable bond.

The after tax return of a taxable bond depends on a person’s effective tax bracket. In general, tax-free bonds are more appealing to taxpayers in higher brackets; the benefit of not including interest earned in their taxable income is greater. In contrast for taxpayers in lower brackets, the tax benefit is less substantial. Even though municipal bond interest is not taxable, the amount of tax-exempt interest is reported on the return. Tax-free interest is used to calculate the amount social security benefits that are taxable. Tax-free interest also affects the computation of alternative minimum tax and the earned income credit.

Tax-Free Interest is excluded from 3.8% NIIT

Tax-exempt municipal bonds interest is also exempt from the 3.8% net investment income tax (NIIT). The NIIT is compulsory on the investment income of individuals whose adjusted gross (AGI) is in excess of:

· $250,000 for filing status Married Filing Joint and Qualifying Widower,

· $125,000 for filing status Married Filing Separate, and

· $200,000 filing status Single and Head of Household.

Tax Advantaged Accounts

Purchasing municipal bonds in your regular IRA, SEP, or §401(k) is a no-no. These accounts grow tax free and when withdrawals are made, the amount withdrawn is taxable. Thus, if you desire fixed income obligations in a tax advantaged account consider taxable bonds or similar income securities.

Alternative Minimum Tax Considerations

Interest on municipal bonds is usually not included in income for regular federal income taxes. Interest earned on certain municipal bonds called “private activity bonds” is included in the calculation of alternative minimum tax (AMT). The AMT is a parallel tax system established to make sure that taxpayers pay a minimum amount of taxes. The intention of creating AMT was to prevent people from getting to many tax breaks, for example tax-free interest. The tax breaks are added back into income and cause some people lose tax breaks and pay taxes.

Effects of Tax-Free Interest on Taxability of Social Security

A percentage of social security benefits are taxable when other income besides social security benefits surpasses certain amounts. For this purpose, the amount of taxable social security benefits adds tax-exempt interest into the amount of other income received besides social security benefits to determine the amount of taxable social security benefits. Consequently, if you receive social security benefits, tax-free interest could increase the amount of tax paid on social security benefits.

Effects of Tax-Free Interest on the Calculation of Earned Income Tax Credit

When a taxpayer is otherwise qualified to receive the earned income tax credit, the credit is lost completely when the taxpayer has more than $3,400 (2015) of “disqualified income.” Disqualified Income generally is investment income like dividends, interest -income, and tax-exempt income. Thus, having municipal bond interest in excess of $3,400 causes a taxpayer to lose the credit. However, an individual qualified for the earned income tax credit is in a lower tax bracket and an investment in municipal bonds would yield a lower after tax return as compared to taxable bonds.

A Bond Sale or Redemption

Selling a bond before maturity or redemption has the same tax consequences as a taxable bond. Gains from sale are taxable. Losses are deducted from other gains; and losses in excess of gains are allowed up to $3,000, the remaining losses are carried over to future years.

Selling Bonds Purchased At a Discount

Bonds acquired with “market discount”, have special calculations then they are sold. The discount that accrued during the period maybe treated as ordinary income.

Mutual Funds

Some investors want professionals to manage a diversified portfolio of municipal bonds, to lower the default risk on any particular bond issue. There are certain mutual funds that invest in tax-free municipals and manage them.

We hope this article was helpful. This article is an example for purposes of illustration only and is intended as a general resource, not a recommendation.

How To Benefit From Tax Diversification

Tax diversification is integral to a well-structured retirement plan. By holding assets in accounts with different tax treatments, such as traditional IRAs, Roth accounts and taxable investments, you can balance current and future tax benefits and gain flexibility to deal with unexpected circumstances.

The Three Types Of Investment Accounts

Many investors look down on taxable investment accounts because of the taxes they must pay each year on interest and dividends, as well as any gains resulting from sales. However, such accounts do offer several benefits. First, they are incredibly flexible. There is no restriction on the types of investments you can make on a taxable basis. And while both traditional and Roth-type retirement accounts are subject to annual contribution limits and to penalties for early withdrawal, there is no limit on contributions to a taxable account, and there are no penalties when you need access to the funds before your retirement.

Qualified dividends and capital gains are taxed at favorable rates in taxable accounts (zero for lower-income taxpayers, 15 percent for most taxpayers and 23.8 percent for high-income taxpayers). Also, investments sold at a loss can be used to reduce one’s tax liability. Since you can generally control when you sell an investment, you can control when you pay much of the tax liability that such accounts generate. The government again favors taxable investments upon the owner’s death. At that time, the cost basis is adjusted to the fair market value, and no capital gains tax is due if the estate immediately sells the holdings.

At first glance, tax-deferred retirement accounts, such as traditional 401(k)s, traditional IRAs and similar plans, may seem to be the most appealing savings options because, by reducing your current tax bills, they give you the biggest upfront benefit. Since none of the income is taxable until withdrawals are made, you may be able to save more overall as the benefits continue to compound.

Regrettably, savers can wind up paying for this upfront tax benefit later in life. Distributions from tax-deferred accounts are treated as ordinary income, even if the growth in the account was generated from investments that would have been taxed at lower capital gains rates in a taxable account. So you would effectively split any profits in tax deferred accounts with the government. If an account grows by 10 percent per year and your tax rate stays the same, the eventual tax liability grows by that same 10 percent. In addition, the Internal Revenue Service generally requires retirees to begin taking certain minimum distributions from tax-deferred accounts at age 70 1/2, which can force you to generate taxable income at inopportune times. Furthermore, investments in a tax-deferred account do not receive a basis adjustment when the account holder dies. Beneficiaries will need to pay income tax when they withdraw assets from these accounts.

Tax-free or Roth accounts can be hard to beat. Although there is no immediate tax deduction for contributions to these accounts, all of the profits go to the investor. The government receives its share at the outset, then current account income and qualified distributions are never taxable. As a result, $1 million in a Roth account is worth significantly more than $1 million in a tax-deferred account, because the balance in a Roth account can be spent during retirement without having to pay any taxes. Another benefit of Roth IRAs in particular is that the IRS does not require distributions from them the way it does from traditional retirement accounts (though such distributions are required from Roth 401(k)s).

Of course, there are drawbacks to tax-free accounts, too. For one, funding a Roth account is more difficult. It takes $15,385 of pre-tax earnings to contribute $10,000 to a Roth account, assuming a 35 percent tax rate. In addition, there’s always the possibility that future legislation could decrease or eliminate the benefits of Roth accounts. If, for example, the federal government or individual states lowered tax rates or shifted to a consumption-based tax system, a Roth IRA would have been a poor choice compared with a traditional IRA, since there is no upfront tax benefit.

Choosing Which Account To Fund

Some rules of thumb can help you determine which types of retirement accounts to use. First, you should have sufficient safe, easily accessible assets in a taxable account as an emergency fund. Six months of living expenses is a good starting point, but the actual amount varies based on your expenses, the security of your current job and how quickly you could get a new job. Funds that you will need access to before retirement should also be kept in a taxable account.

If an employer matches contributions to a retirement plan, you should, when possible, contribute enough to get the full match. Any employer match will automatically be allocated to a tax-deferred account, but you should determine whether the plan will provide a match even if you contribute to a Roth account.

The common wisdom says that you should contribute to a traditional IRA or 401(k), rather than a Roth IRA or 401(k), if your current tax bracket is higher than the tax bracket you expect to occupy in retirement. If the reverse is true, a Roth IRA is the default choice. Although these guidelines are good starting points, savers are generally best served by keeping some assets in each type of account – which is the idea of tax diversification.

People’s lives and future tax legislation are inherently uncertain. Even if you expect your federal tax bracket to remain the same in retirement, it might go up if tax rates go up overall or if you move to a higher-tax state. There is no way to know exactly what your situation will look like in any given year of your retirement. You should have some assets in each type of account, but the particulars of your circumstances will dictate their relative size. As with other sorts of diversification, there is not a one-size-fits-all plan.

Going Above And Beyond Retirement Savings Limits

Selecting the best retirement plans for your situation is beyond the scope of this article, but some planning can allow you to funnel much more money into tax-advantaged accounts than you might have otherwise expected.

Some employers offer defined contribution plans with higher limits than a 401(k), and it is very easy for self-employed individuals to set up SEP IRAs. For high-earning small-business owners, it may be worthwhile to set up a defined benefit (pension) plan, which can allow for much higher contributions. Certain employers also offer nonqualified savings accounts that allow you to defer income in excess of the limits for the qualified plans listed here, but they add different risks.

Besides employer-sponsored plans, annuities and life insurance can also offer tax advantages, but most savers should proceed cautiously. Annuities provide tax deferral, but lack the upfront tax benefit that makes other tax-deferred accounts so appealing. Also, distributions from annuities are taxed at ordinary income tax rates, so if your tax rate is expected to remain high through retirement, you effectively allow the government to take a higher share of your profits than would be the case in a taxable account. If your income tax rate is expected to drop substantially in retirement, certain annuities can be effective savings vehicles once you have exhausted your other options. In many cases, the higher costs of life insurance products outweigh their tax benefits.

If you want to funnel more money into a tax-free account, you might consider converting a portion of your tax-deferred retirement accounts to a Roth IRA. You will have to pay tax on the income at the time of the conversion, but if you expect your tax rate to remain the same or increase in the future, it may be profitable to shift some funds to a Roth. Finally, if you plan to use any of your savings to fund education expenses for a child or grandchild, you might consider funding a Section 529 college savings account. The investments in such accounts grow tax-deferred, and any distributions used for qualified education expenses are tax-free.

How To Spend Down Retirement Accounts

The order in which you withdraw assets during retirement is just as important as the choice of which accounts to fund. By mindfully selecting which account you withdraw from each year, you can lower what you pay in taxes.

The first assets you spend should typically come from your taxable accounts. However, in a low-income year, when your income tax rate may be lower, it may make sense to pull some funds from a tax-deferred account. In some cases, you can take taxable distributions without generating any tax liability at all. Spending from tax-deferred accounts may also make sense if your taxable accounts have highly appreciated securities that you plan to hold until death. Run tax projections each year to weigh the benefits of withdrawing from a taxable or a tax-deferred account.

Aim to keep assets in your Roth accounts for as long as you can, allowing the investments to continue to grow tax-free while you deplete other assets that generate tax liability.

For most retirees, no two years will look alike. More important, there is no way to know decades in advance what a given person’s tax situation will be throughout retirement. As with any long-term investment plan, it is essential to create a strategy that is flexible and can work even when circumstances change. By taking care to diversify the tax character of your accounts, you build in choices that will allow you to adapt to a variety of financial situations much more easily and, ultimately, to preserve more of your diligently saved retirement funds.

Improve Your Poor Credit Score and Secure Yourself a Loan

So you are thinking of getting some extra money to make some urgent home repairs, the porch door needs replacing, along with a new hot water system. Unfortunately you do not have the money in the bank, but neither do you have a secure porch door or any constant hot water.

Have you considered personal loans? A lot of people take out personal loans for this type of repair. Car repairs and even holidays are used by people with their newly acquired finances. Most people have heard that a poor credit score is not a good thing (However even those that have a poor financial history can still get loans). But how do you make a good rating?

One of thing major pieces of advice from experts, before you apply for finance it is best to get a credit report completed from a reputable source. This will give you an idea of the chance of getting your application approved. In the United States of America there are three levels of credit rating, basically the higher it is the better it is.

An excellent rating is above 760, a good rating would be between 700 and 759 and a poor rating would be between 640 to 699. if you are at the top end, 760 and above then there is no point in making your rating any better. However with other ratings it is worth trying to improve as it will help your chances of succeeding in the application.

There does seem to be a bit of a chicken and egg situation sometimes, you need finance but have a poor score,but to improve you need a lender to give you a chance. Well, luckily there are things that you and your family if you have one, can do to improve your rating.

Having a poor rating does not mean you have to be stuck with it, starting to pay the bills on time instead of late or not at all will start to get you on the right path. Some lenders will still give applicants loans even with a low score, but the total given will be lower than usually and the percentage rate will be considerably higher. So you will pay more over the period of the finance.

Families can help too. If a member of your family has a good rating then some credit card companies can add you to that family members credit card as an authorized user, this will help with any poor credit score. Also having a family member with a good rating co-sign the loan could help you get what you need.

Finding the correct lender for your score is a good way to make sure that you are getting what you deserve, if you have a high score you deserve some of the best deals on the market. Instead of going to your bank or card company you can go online and search for a matching company. Companies like this are a good place go to make sure you achieve the best deal.

What are a matching company and what do they do? You enter your details on their online program and your information will be fed to several of their approved lenders, in turn the lenders will then return to the matching company with a list of loans that they are able to offer.

Once the offers come back it is then up to the applicant to choose one and complete all the necessary paperwork. A check will then be received within a matter of days and your new boiler and door fitted soon after.

How You Should Process Your Short Term Loans

Borrowing money makes a decisive difference, especially when you are struggling through the times of financial emergencies. Small time loans like the Short Term Loans are one of the quick and convenient cash credit alternatives that you can and should consider to ameliorate your ongoing emergency financial crisis. These loans improve your credit score too, but again; you need to be a bit judgmental of other prerequisites and options.

Short Term Loans and the Credit Score – Understanding the Basic Scenario

Short term small loan applications usually show up in your credit report. If you had applied for these loans few months back, then your credit score reflects this option. Furthermore, all the repayments made towards the loan will highlight in your credit profile. Making the repayments on short term loans will show you in positive light before the lender. He will have trust, and you will enjoy peace of mind.

Short Term Loans Improve the Credit Score

Short term loans help to improve the credit rating. However, availing the loans is still a risky process, and you need to have an Argus-eye over it.

In general cases, the interest rates charged on these loans are considerably high. If you are confident of making the payments within lender’s designated time period, it will not cause any hindrance. But the longer you delay in paying-off the loans, the costlier these loans turn out. There comes a time when you might even repent your decision of having applied for cash advance for the sake of improving the credit score.

Instead of going for a short term loan to boost your credit rating, there are better ways to move the credit worthiness. What you have to do is to look for alternatives, rather than making a rash decision in an instant. Taking out a credit for the sake of credit is something that needs proper research and analysis too.

Having a good credit score is necessary, since it reflects your credibility as a borrower. A not so good credit score on the other has a negative impact, as it severely affects the flow of credit in the future.

Improving Your Credit Score: Placing the Sound Methodologies

Just because you are having a bad credit, it does not entirely mean the end of the road. You can still improve the credit score. Here are two legitimate points to look into:

  • Clearing outstanding debt by paying on time – Clearing your dues on time will maintain your credit score over a long period of time. If you are having outstanding debts, make sure to minimize them. This certainly helps to improve the rating.
  • Building a solid credit history – For first time borrowers, with no credit history, it is essential to build a good credit history. To increase the credibility, it becomes necessary to limit the expenses, and if you had availed loans and there are arrears, you must ensure to clear them. Paying off the debts within stipulated time frame is way to success.

Credit rating helps the borrowers to gain advantage and secure loans and debts. Good credit ratings help borrowers to borrow money. The methodologies you apply to improve your credit ratings will make huge difference in score records.

Applying for a Personal Loan With Subpar Credit – What to Know

Anyone that finds themselves with multiple balances on credit cards that have high interest may consider looking for a personal loan with bad credit. This allows them to transfer those balances and take advantage of a lower interest rate to pay off their cards. Sadly, many banks will turn them down due to their credit. Thankfully, there are ways to get a loan that will help them save money, even with that low credit score.

Whether due to financial issues, job loss, or just striving to build a good credit score as a first time user it is difficult to get a loan. The way credit reports work is always changing and there are many factors that affect a person’s credit. It’s important to stay in the know about how to build it, and what your options are. There are likely more options than they think. Here are some ways to apply for and get a personal loan with bad credit.

How to Get a Loan with Bad Credit

Having zero credit or poor credit is a major issue when looking to secure a loan, because that person is viewed as a high risk customer who may default. It’s important to accept that until the credit score is raised, one won’t be able to enjoy the standard lending guidelines offered by big banks.

For anyone that’s been turned down for a loan or who doesn’t want to pay monstrous rates, here are some options:

Consider a Home Equity Line of Credit

If there is enough equity in owned property, it’s possible to secure a tax-deductible, low-interest loan or line of credit that can be used in any way. The only downfall is that many don’t want to tap into their home equity as it puts the property in jeopardy if they can’t repay it. However, with a steady income and a bit of discipline then this can be paid off and is a less pricey option no matter what the credit score!

Try and Apply to Credit Unions

Credit unions are so much better than a regular bank. That’s because they are member-owned. Usually they are founded by people who have something in common whether it be living in the same area, or working in the same profession. They are nonprofit and have a sole purpose of helping members. They offer great customer service and low fees.

Borrow from a Friend

Consider what’s called P2P or peer-to-peer lending. There are even sites online that let a person borrow from someone directly rather than a bank. This form of lending is getting very popular and is quite simple. It’s a winning situation for both investors who want to earn interest and borrowers who enjoy paying lower rates. It’s the perfect solution when looking to apply for a personal loan with bad credit. Current rates with P2P lending are as low as 6%. That’s far lower than most credit cards.

Family Loans

If an online peer doesn’t pick up a loan request, there’s always a chance a family member might. However, it’s more than important to treat a loan from someone in the family just as a professional loan. It should be documented and recorded. A written agreement should show the interest rate, terms of repayment and collateral that’s going against the loan. It should also lay out all the actions to be taken if the borrower does not repay.

What About a Co-signer?

If one is searching for a personal loan with bad credit and they don’t have a family member or a friend that is available to offer the loan, maybe they would consider co-signing. This is when someone who trusts that the borrower can repay the debt would take a chance on them and be a back up to repay the loan should that person default.

Home Improvement Loan or Personal Loan

Personal Loan or Home Improvement Loan? That is the question.

We love decorating our houses.

And there are phases in our lives when maybe we’ve spent too much time watching Food Food or TLC and thus have built castles in the air of visions of turning our kitchen into a chef’s paradise. Or perhaps our master bath is just one shower away from a disaster. For we really do love Italian tiles on our bathrooms.

And if so, then cheers, you’re not alone. Recently, the Joint Center of Housing Studies for Harvard University has investigated and reported that the home improvement industry should continue post record-level spending in 2016. For many people, this means borrowing money to pay for the well planned home improvements and home decorating schemes.

Now, one is ought to face a tough and difficult and perhaps hypothetical question.

So, which home improvement loan is right for you?

Many homeowners and homemakers look to tap the equity in their homes. But home equity loans or home equity lines of credit may not be possible or very practical for some borrowers. In that case, one should consider using a personal loan.

While it is known that one can use a personal loan for a variety of reasons, there are a few reasons why a personal loan can have advantages over home equity loans when it comes to a renovation loan, to be specific.

The application process for a personal loan is usually quite simple and quite straightforward. Your own financial situation-for example, your credit history and earning power; this is often the main deciding factor for whether or not you will be able to get a loan, for how much, and if so, at what interest rate. Some personal loans even boast of having no origination fees.

However, home equity loans or home improvement loans on the other hand, are akin to applying for a mortgage (in fact, home equity loans are sometimes called second mortgages). How much you can borrow depends on several factors, including the value of your home. Because you can only borrow against the equity you already have (i.e. the difference between your home’s value and your mortgage), you may have to arrange – and pay for – a home appraisal.

Let’s now see this case in the case of a home improvement loan. With a home equity loan or a home improvement loan, you can only borrow against the equity you have – which, as a new homeowner, is probably not much. You maybe have not had enough time to chip away at your mortgage and the market has not yet elevated your home’s price. A personal loan lets you start home improvements regardless of how much equity you have. So, that is one benefit of availing a Home Improvement Loan.

With a home equity loan, you use your home as collateral, which means an inability to repay could result in your home going into foreclosure. While failing to pay your personal loan carries its own risks (like ruining your credit and credit score), it is not tied directly to the roof over your head,like a gun on your head. Therefore, it is better and safer to avail of a personal loan.

So, if we were to decide, which one is better and safer and more suitable?

Personal loans may not be right for every borrower looking for a home improvement loan. For example, if you have significant equity in your home and are looking to borrow a large amount, you might be able to save money with lower interest rates on a home equity loan. Also, interest payments on home equity loans and lines of credit can be tax deductible under certain circumstances; but that is clearly not the case with personal loans.

On the other hand, personal loans can make sense for these types of customers:-

• Recent home purchasers.

• Smaller home improvement loans (e.g., bathroom or kitchen as opposed to full remodel)

• Borrowers in lower home value markets (if your home value has barely budged since you moved in, you may not have much equity to draw on for a home equity loan).

• For those who value ease and speed.

• Borrowers with great credit and cash flow.

While home equity loans and lines of credit are a good source of home improvement money if you have already built up equity in your home, a personal loan may be a better alternative if you are, say, a new homeowner and need to take care of a few updates to make your new home, just right and perfect.

Concluding, we conclude that a personal loan is a better option than a home improvement loan,anytime.

Know More About Personal Loans

Planning to get your house renovated but do not have the sufficient amount of money to do it? With the concept of personal loans, you do not need to worry about this anymore. Personal loans are offered by the banks which enable you to use the amount for personal use – like for paying off an immediate debt or for clearing an unforeseen expense.

Though the concept seems to be very lucrative, getting one approved is not an easy task. In order to be able to qualify for getting such a loan, certain strict norms have to be followed. Thus, if you are planning to apply for one, there are certain points which should be kept in mind.

These loans are not secured: This type of loan does not require any asset to be kept as a mortgage to the bank. However, if one fails to repay the loan the bank has the right to seize any asset be it your property, house or car. However, in most cases, if the defaulter does not have any asset to give in lieu of the loan it becomes very difficult for the bank to get back the money. This is one of the major reasons as for why it is difficult to get a personal loan approved. In such a situation, the bank can file a legal suit against your name to carry out the legal proceedings.

They have a fixed amount: The amount of a personal loan depends entirely on the borrower’s income and also on the lender’s discretion. It is based on the borrower’s credit score. A credit score is a measure to get an idea of one’s income which enables the lender to decide upon the amount to be given as a loan. Some of the banks have limited the amount they offer as a personal loan.

The rate of interest is fixed: The interest rate is decided based on the borrower’s credit score. In an ideal situation, the interest rate should be less which would enable you to repay a loan at a much lower cost. The most important fact about personal loans is that the rate of interest remains fixed during the entire tenure the loan. However, some banks offer loans at variable interest also, which makes it difficult for the borrower to repay it.

One must always try getting the loan from a bank in which he has an account. This is because it would be much easier to get the loan approved. One must also be careful while applying for one as there are many scams which keep taking place. One must also explain the bank about his/her need for money, in case they can offer something much better.

All You Need To Know About Personal Loans

Loans are of several types. It can be classified according to the needs of the person. Suppose, if one wants a loan for his/her home, he/she should take a home loan. If the person needs money to fulfill the educational needs he/she shall be allowed the educational loan. Other types of loans are personal loan, payday loan, etc. However, when one is considering to take a loan he /she should keep in mind that the interest rates for all the types of loans do differ. In this article we shall be dealing with the personal loan and will try to find out how one can get a loan.

A personal loan is something that you might need at any moment for buying anything of your choice. This can be a television, a fridge or even a designer dress that you have come across in the shop. This can be the medical expenses that crops up immediately without any notice. Anything and everything can fit into the personal loan bill.

To apply for a loan one needs to have a good credit. This will make the loan approval process quicker. If one is having a bad credit score then the chances of getting a loan are much less. So, when you apply for a loan make sure you have a clean credit report.

A bank would take time to approve for a loan as they check all details before finally saying you “Yes”. If you want a loan fast you can apply to those financing institutions that offer loans quickly. The crucial point of choosing these organizations over the banks is that they might charge high interest rates, although all the some are an exception in this case. And of course it is better as the process is fast and hassle free when you are really in need of money.

If you are applying for the loans please be sure to go through the terms and conditions of the loans. This will make sure that you are aware of what you are agreeing to pay.

What are the things you need to be careful about?

Be careful about the repayment terms. We advise you not to go for long term loans. There are certain companies which charge hidden amounts and you will never know what you are paying for. So, make sure that you do not fall into their trap. Always take a bill when you pay them so that you have a proof of the money you have paid.

Where to Find Lenders Who Will Offer Personal Loans To Those With Bad Credit

As many financial experts will tell you, an installment loan can form part of a long-term plan to improve both your financial situation and your credit score. Having a higher score will make you more appealing to a wider range of lenders and give you greater peace of mind, knowing you’ve taken control of your finances and have more financial options.

However, it can be difficult to get accepted for a loan – however small – when you have a history of late repayments. Perversely, if you’ve never needed to borrow money before, you will need to raise your credit score to show that you are responsible enough to be able to borrow money and pay it back.

Unbeknown to many, the internet can be a good place to apply for a personal loan. While you can ask your bank to lend you money, if you have a tarnished borrowing history they are unlikely to accept your application. You may also face problems when it comes to increasing your overdraft or applying for other methods of borrowing.

When it comes to applying online, look for a platform that will connect you with a trusted network of direct lenders, including bad credit personal lenders that may be able to help you improve your personal circumstances. The right one will be selected for you according to your unique situation.

Like any other application to borrow money, you will need to be ready before you start. Work out exactly how much you need to borrow – this is easier if you are intending to use the money for a specific purpose, like buying a car or moving house – but don’t be tempted to borrow more than you can afford to pay back.

Remember that you will need to pay back added interest as well as the amount you wish to borrow. The annual percentage rate (APR) will show how much this will be – look out for APRs between 5.99% and 35.99% as these are typically low interest rates that won’t render you in an impossible situation when it comes to repaying your loan.

Although a good credit score can open many doors for financial borrowers, there are plenty of online lenders will take an array of factors into consideration when deciding whether to approve your application, so having a low score does not automatically mean you will be rejected.

However, your lender may still run a credit check on your file. You should also be prepared to give other information, such as employment details, proof of income and a list of references. Some lenders will want to contact people who know you personally to get an indication of how reliable you are when it comes to meeting your financial obligations.

Once you’re accepted for a personal loan, work out how much you will need to set aside each month to meet your repayment obligations. This may involve drawing up a household budget (and sticking to it!) to make sure you don’t fall short.

It’s important to remember that missing scheduled repayments will have a negative impact on your financial profile, thus worsening your situation and making it more difficult for you to borrow the future. So bear this in mind when you’re making your application, and only borrow what you absolutely need to tide you over.